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Javi Espada Fotografía Efecto fotográfico sensacion de movimiento

Efecto fotográfico Sensacion de Movimiento

Efecto fotográfico sensacion de movimiento

Efecto fotográfico sensacion de movimiento. Como sabemos, la fotografía es una imagen estática, pues bien, con este efecto óptico conseguimos trasmitir la sensación de que algunos objetos o personas que aparecen en la escena se están moviendo. Este efecto fotográfico lo vamos a conseguir variando las velocidades de obturación.

La velocidad de obturación es el intervalo de tiempo que el obturador se mantiene abierto, y por lo tanto está entrando luz al sensor o la película para formar la imagen, si el movimiento que se está registrando es más rápido que el tiempo que el obturador permanece abierto, el objeto o persona que se mueve aparece varias veces en la escena, formando una estela  que produce ese fenómeno óptico de sensación de movimiento.

 

Efecto fotográfico sensacion de movimiento

París

Para conseguir el efecto de sensación de movimiento tenemos que ajustar la exposición utilizando velocidades lentas de obturación, de esta forma, al permanecer el obturador más tiempo abierto no llega a congelar la imagen, sino que la muestra desplazada, creando la sensación de movimiento.

 

Efecto fotográfico sensacion de movimiento

Munich

¿Cómo se hace este efecto de sensación de movimiento?

Podemos utilizar el método de prueba y error, empezando por ejemplo, con una velocidad de obturación de 1/30 y observar el resultado obtenido, e iremos bajando la velocidad de obturación 1/15, 1/8, ¼ … hasta obtener los resultados deseados.

Necesariamente tendremos que montar la cámara en un trípode para evitar que nuestra fotografía no salga movida (trepidadas) usando tiempos de exposición largos. Una foto con sensación de movimiento solamente se verá movido lo que aparece en movimiento, el resto de los elementos se verán nítidos.

Si en la foto aparece todo movido es una imagen borrosa y desenfocada, NO será una toma con sensación de movimiento.

Efecto fotográfico sensacion de movimiento

Quimper – Francia

Para hacerlo más fácil podemos trabajar en el modo semiautomático de prioridad a la velocidad de obturación [Tv o S dependiendo de la marca de la cámara]. De esta manera, nosotros ajustamos una velocidad lenta y la cámara calcula de forma automática los demás parámetros de exposición, como diafragma y la sensibilidad ISO.

Te recomiendo que primero lo intentes hacer todo en modo manual y luego podrás interpretar mejor como lo hace la cámara en los modos semiautomáticos.

Efecto fotográfico sensacion de movimiento

Londres

Otra recomendación para no tener problemas es trabajar con un buen trípode que pese y sea robusto. Un trípode es un accesorio fotográfico imprescindible, evitaremos fotos movidas, podremos realizar exposiciones nocturnas y conseguir efectos artísticos como el efecto de sensación de movimiento o el efecto seda.

Un trípode, es un objeto que te servirá durante mucho tiempo y para cualquier marca de cámara.

 

 

 

 

 

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